Thus, ledipasvir could also help identify individuals at risk of heart attacks and strokes, even among the older population. Secondly, those with the highest risk of developing coronary artery disease are those who are smokers. There are about 2 million to 3 million smokers in the United States. A study of the risk of coronary artery disease in men and women in the United States suggested that about 3/4 of those with elevated LDL cholesterol were also smokers. Thus, screening might be beneficial for the population.
Finally, women with increased blood pressure are at higher risk of developing coronary artery disease. The current screening methods are not very specific and may not be a true diagnosis if they miss many individuals. To reduce the number of individuals who are misdiagnosed, we need a combination of screening and clinical evaluation of the person at risk, such as imaging and blood pressure. Other Diseases Other diseases, such as hypertension and high cholesterol, are common and can sometimes cause more harm than good. There are many different types of screening tests, and different combinations of screening and diagnostic techniques have been successful at identifying some of the more common problems. As a result, some of the screening tests and techniques have been modified for various conditions. The basic principles and methods of screening for these diseases have remained the same over the years.
For example, the use of an echocardiographic screening test to assess myocardial dysfunction in patients with high cholesterol is called echocardiogram. If a positive echocardiogram is confirmed in the patient, he or she is treated with statins. This type of screening is not as accurate, but is still more effective than an autopsy. Cardiovascular Disease The cardiovascular disease of interest is characterized by the following: a heart attack, or sudden death as a result of a serious vascular disease. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It's estimated that about 40% of all people who die of cardiovascular disease have been diagnosed only by other means of detection.